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A number of hormonal changes occur during pregnancy and these hormones inhibit the insulin effect, increasing the blood glucose levels. Though the need for insulin is more during pregnancy, due to actions of other hormones, the blood glucose levels keep on rising. This will lead to gestational diabetes.
In some cases, it is seen that the pancreas are not able to make sufficient quantities of insulin. Due to a lowered quantity of insulin in the blood stream, the blood sugar levels increase causing gestational diabetes.
Women are at greater risk of developing gestational diabetes. Therefore you should let your Gynecologist and Obstetrician know if anyone of your family member has diabetes. It can be your mother, father, brother, sister, grandmother, etc.
Women who are overweight at the start of pregnancy are at a greater risk of developing gestational diabetes. At the same time, if there is rapid increase in weight during pregnancy, it should be brought to the notice of either Gynecologist or Obstetrician.
Late pregnancies are at an increased risk of developing gestational diabetes. It is seen that women above the age of 30 are more prone to gestational diabetes, as compared to younger women. It can be attributed to the fact that chances of diabetes increase with increasing age.
Women who have given birth to a baby or babies, who weighed more than 9 pounds at birth, are at an greater risk of gestational diabetes during their subsequent pregnancies. This is another fact, which should be brought to the notice of the gynecologist and obstetrician, so that necessary measures can be taken at the start of pregnancy itself.
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