Treatments and Drugs

Diabetes Treatment at Home

If a person has diabetes then a healthy lifestyle is the only choice along with exercise to control the blood sugar levels. You can even minimize or prevent complications.

Diabetes Diet: Eat a healthy, consistent, and a well-balanced diet, which is high in fiber and low in saturated fats. Remember to reduce or stop the intake of sweets.

Exercise: Regular exercise reduces the risk of developing diabetes. Physical activity can also reduce the risk of suffering from diabetic complications like leg ulcers, kidney failure, stroke, blindness, and heart diseases.

Alcohol use: Eliminate or moderate alcohol consumption. Try not to have more than seven alcoholic drinks per week.

Smoking: If you are diabetic and smoke, then you are increasing the risk of suffering from serious complications. Smoking can damage blood vessels and contribute to stroke, heart disease, and reduce the circulation to the limbs. So, you need to quit smoking and you can take
help from support groups or your health care professional.

Blood Glucose monitoring at Home: You need to check your blood sugar levels frequently, before meals and bedtime. Record the results in a book and show it to your doctor in your next visit.

Drugs for Diabetes Mellitus

Sulfonylureas: These drugs help in the stimulation of pancreas to make more insulin.

Alpha-glucosidase inhibitors: These slow down the absorption of the starches a person eat, which in turn slows the glucose production.

Biguanides: These decrease the amount of glucose produced by the liver.

Meglitinides: These drugs help in the stimulation of pancreas to make more insulin.

Thiazolidinediones: These agents increase sensitivity to insulin.

D-phenylaline derivatives: Stimulates the pancreas for insulin production.

Insulin: Synthetic hyuman insulin is now the only type of insulin available in the United
States.

Amylin synthetic derivatives: Amylin is a naturally occurring hormone secreted by the pancreas along with insulin.