Causes Of Diabetes In Children

Diabetes is caused if your body stops making insulin or doesn”t make enough insulin or your body doesn”t use it. No one knows what exactly causes this problem in both children and adults. Scientists are trying hard to find out and they believe that diabetes is triggered due to a combination of genetic and environmental factors.

Type 1 Diabetes

Of the two types of diabetes Type 1 is seen commonly among children, teenagers and young adults. Type 1 diabetes develops when the body destroys the beta cells in the islet tissue of the pancreas. Islet tissue is the one that produce insulin. Some scientists believe that Type 1 is a genetically caused condition. It is not related to lifestyle habits. But research shows that a majority of children who develop Type 1 diabetes do not have a family history of diabetes. Environmental factors like enteroviral infections like Coxsackie B infections can also trigger Type 1 diabetes.

Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 Diabetes is quite rare in children. It is caused when the body does not produce enough of insulin or it cannot use the insulin available causing insulin resistance. This conditions result in high levels of glucose in the blood. There may be certain factors that may affect the child”s resistance to insulin such as

Body composition -If your child is obese he may be at a higher risk of developing diabetes. Insulin resistance increases as the amount of fat around the waist increase.

Developmental Stage -Insulin resistance increases in children during puberty by 30% this may be because of the effects of the growth hormone.

Sex and Race -Sometimes factors like sex and race also contribute to insulin resistance. Girls are more prone to insulin resistance than boys and African American teens are more likely to develop insulin resistance than whites.