Complications develop slowly and are serious and life-threatening. Some of the possible complications are:
Cardiovascular Problems: Some of the common cardiac problems are coronary artery disease, narrowing of arteries, stroke, heart attack, and chest pain.
Nerve Damage: Excessive sugar levels can affect the walls of the tiny blood capillaries, which nourish your nerves. This can cause pain, numbness, and burning at the finger tips or toe tips.
Kidney Damage: Diabetes damages the delicate filtering system of the kidneys. Severe damage can result in kidney failure, which can require a kidney transplant or dialysis.
Eye Damage (Retinopathy): Diabetes can also damage the retinal blood vessels leading to blindness.
Foot damage: Nerve damage can result in poor blood circulation to the feet, which increases the risk of foot complications. If left untreated it can result in severe infections, where the leg or the affected part is amputated.
Skin and Mouth Conditions: Diabetes can leave you susceptible to certain skin problems like bacterial and fungal infections.
Brain Problems: A recent research shows that high blood glucose levels may increase the risk of Alzheimer’s disease.
Cancer: People with diabetes have a greater risk of some cancers. However, the reasons are not very clear.
When to see a doctor
- If you suspect you or your child may have diabetes. If you notice any possible diabetes symptoms, contact your doctor. The earlier the condition is diagnosed, the sooner treatment can begin.
- If you’ve already been diagnosed with diabetes. If you’ve been diagnosed with diabetes, you’ll initially need close medical follow-up until your blood sugar levels stabilize.