How are Body Weight and Health Risk in Diabetes related?

It is a strong likelihood that heavier patients with diabetes overestimate their healthiest body weight compared to those of normal weight, but the reality is that the former group stands at an increased diabetes risk. The BMI (Body Mass Index) is the medically accepted means of assessing body weight in connection with health for people aged 20 to 65, with the exception of very muscular, athletic-type people or pregnant/nursing women. Studies reveal that a BMI higher than 27 in a person, spells a risk for developing type 2 diabetes along with sundry health problems like cardiovascular disease and premature death. Those with high (or low) BMI need to discuss lifestyle management and necessary changes with their physician, which can be incorporated in their daily schedule.

The plot thickens: Diabetes and Obesity
The majority of obese people have hyperinsulinemia- excessively high levels of insulin in their blood, which results in the muscle cells becoming insulin resistant with the extra body fat. Thus, the blood sugar cannot be broken down, as well as it can in thin people. The pancreas needs to work harder for an obese person to produce more insulin and keep blood sugar in control. The solution to improving the body’s sensitivity to insulin is controlled weight loss so that all aspects of glucose uptake are enhanced.

Bodyweight and other health risks associated with High blood sugar
A rise in blood sugar levels beyond normal, places the diabetic at risk for atherosclerosis and if the diabetes is uncontrolled, the blood fats are likely to be abnormal as well, thus the risk of heart disease increases. Body weight and health risks in diabetes are further enhanced by the presence of high Cholesterol or other fats that circulate in the blood.

How Obesity is linked to Diabetes
Type2 diabetes lowers the body’s ability to control blood sugar and is increasingly being regarded as the primary cause of early death, heart disease, stroke and blindness. Overweight people are twice as liable to develop type2 diabetes compared to normal weight people, but the good news is that this possibility can be reduced by losing weight and exercising more. Those with type2 diabetes would do well to shed the extra pounds and become more physically active. These two health enhancing changes could well prove to be life-saving ones too as they can help control blood sugar levels. The icing on the cake being the increased physical activity, in many a case, allows the diabetic patient to reduce the amount of diabetes medication intake.

Medical experts opine that even a slight weight loss can greatly benefit a person’s health: the most heartening research conducted by a recent Nurses Health study showed overweight women who lost 11 to 22 pounds decreased their risk of diabetes by 50 per cent.