What Causes Diabetes?

Reduced insulin production: primary factor causing diabetes

Diabetes is the messing up of our metabolic system. After the intake of food, it is broken down into glucose which is the main form of sugar in our blood. It serves as the pivotal source of energy for our body. After digestion, glucose passes into the bloodstream, where it is used by cells for growth and energy. For glucose to get into cells, insulin must be present. Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas, a large gland behind the stomach. After we take food, the pancreas takes the charge of producing proper amount of insulin to move glucose from blood into our cells. But with the people suffering from diabetes, the pancreas produces very little insulin or no insulin and sometimes the cells do not respond properly to the insulin that is being produced. Thus, glucose which is in the blood overflows into the urine and ultimately passes out of the body with the urine which is the main source of energy for the blood.

What Causes Diabetes?

Diabetes can be caused either due to reduced insulin production or poor insulin metabolism, depending on subtypes of Diabetes. Generally, the Diabetes is caused due to two reasons, the first and foremost is that the pancreas does not make enough insulin for the body’s needs, or the cells in the muscles, liver, and fat do not use insulin properly, or both. As a consequence of which the amount of glucose in the blood increases and on the other hand, the cells gets barred from the required energy due to which the high glucose content harms the nerves and blood cells that leads to diseases such as blindness, heart and kidney diseases, nerve problems, gum infections, and amputation. The high blood sugar content and the high blood pressure dent the kidneys and as a result of which the protein escapes through the kidneys into the urine. So, in a way, the source of energy is lost.

A person suffering from Diabetes doesn’t have the required insulin to change the food into energy for daily activities. Our bodies change the foods we eat into a form of sugar called glucose. Glucose travels through the bloodstream to “fuel” or feed our cells. Sometimes it is stored in the liver for future use. Insulin is a hormone that is made in the pancreas and helps cells take in the amount of glucose they need. People with diabetes do not make or properly use insulin. As a result, glucose builds up in their blood and causes many symptoms of diabetes such as feeling tired, losing weight, feeling hungry or thirsty, urinating frequently or having vision problems

Apart from improper insulin production, there are certain drugs, medications and toxins which are some of the possible causes of Diabetes as a symptom. So, before using any medicine or drugs, we should always consult a good doctor.