What Complications Arise Due to Diabetes?

We are aware of the fact that Diabetes is a slow poison and there is only one way to prevent the complications of the disease. So, it becomes an urgency to detect the disease in the primary stage as later on, it may start damaging the heart, blood vessels, kidneys and eyes. However, even the scientists are having a vague idea about its long-term problems. They can only predict the people who may develop complications, which are quiet likely if not diagnosed for years. However, a complication may be the first sign of Diabetes.

Heart Disease
Heart disease is the most common and life-threatening disease linked to diabetes, and experts are of the view that it doubles the risk of heart disease as fat and cholesterol tend to accumulate in the arteries that supply blood to the heart and as a consequence of which the blood is unable to go to the heart causing heart attacks. There are also other factors that leads to heart disease which are hypertension or high blood pressure, obesity, high amounts of fats and of course cigarette smoking.

Kidney Disease
Kidney disease can also be one of effects of Diabetes. We are all aware that kidneys maintain a proper liquid balance in the body and if it is affected by Diabetes, it can lead to multiple problems that can hamper the fluid balance in the body. While people can live without one kidney, those without both must have special treatment, called dialysis. And so, proper diabetes treatment can reduce the risk of affecting the kidney. At the same time, checking the blood pressure can also reduce the risk of kidney disease. The urinary tract infections with the heaps of bacteria in them are also a source of kidney problem which can be sorted out by consulting a doctor or nephrologists.

Eye Problems
Eyesight problem can also be related with Diabetes, which can be controlled with better Diabetes control. The core problem lies in the blood glucose level for which can lead to blurred vision as it affects the balance of fluid in the lens of the eye, which acts as a camera lens to focus images. Cataract and Glaucoma are two prominent eye diseases that attack the people with Diabetes.

Lower Limb related Complications
People suffering from Diabetes also tend to have leg and/or foot problems due to changes in the blood vessels and nerves. Peripheral vascular disease is a condition in which blood vessels become narrowed by fatty deposits, reducing blood supply to the legs and feet. Diabetes also decreases the sensitivity of nerves and someone with this condition, called peripheral neuropathy, might not notice a sore spot caused by tight shoes or pressure from walking. If it is ignored, the sore can become infected. Also because of the poor blood circulation it takes longer for the affected part to get healed. So, the best way to get rid of these problems is to wash the feet with warm water. At the same time, special shoes should be used to prevent pressure on the advice of the doctor.

Diabetes is such a dreaded disease that it can cause certain other defects like indigestion, diarrhea, impotency, skin and oral infections, frequent unwanted urination and excessive thirst.