What is Adult Onset Diabetes?

Adult onset diabetes is the other alternative of type 2 diabetes, also known as non-insulin diabetes. It is a common disorder which affects the way the processes and uses carbohydrates, fats and proteins which are nothing but sources of glucose(sugar).If the amount of sugar in the blood is very high, the person is said to be suffering from .diabetes. The glucose makes a way to the cells of the body by means of a hormone called insulin produced by pancreas. When the sugar is unable to pass with reduced production of insulin or the cells do react efficiently to the insulin, the blood sugar level rises and it leads to type 2 diabetes or adult onset diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is prevalent in 95% people and it affects people who are more than 40.

Symptoms

It’s really a tough job even for a doctor to detect the clear cut symptoms of diabetes unless the affected reveals the problems faced by him. But some of the vague symptoms are excessive urination, thirst and hunger, weight loss, liability to infections, especially yeast or fungal infections of the skin and vagina. Even, sweating and dizziness can be the symptoms of diabetes. Adult onset diabetes can lead to life threatening complications checking the flow of blood to the brain, heart and legs. It can affect the retina of the eye which can diminish the eyesight. Further; it affects the nerves to the legs causing pain and numbness in the feet. Damage to the kidneys is more likely if blood sugars remain elevated and high blood pressure is not treated aggressively.

Diagnosis

Diabetes is diagnosed by testing the blood for sugar levels. Blood is taken in the morning after you have fasted overnight. Typically, the body keeps blood sugar levels between 70 and 100 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL), even after fasting. If a blood sugar level after fasting is greater than 125 mg/dL, diabetes is diagnosed.

Prevention

If some one is in the early stages of diabetes, one can prevent it by following a strict regime of exercise and diet and maintaining the body weight. If some one is already affected by the disease, one can delay or prevent it by maintaining the blood sugar level lowering the heart related complications by taking an aspirin daily.

Treatment

People with type 2 diabetes should special attention to weight reduction through proper diet and exercise. The diet should be low in calories, cholesterol and abundant amounts of proteins which one gets from monounsaturated oils, fruits and vegetables. At the same time, insulin should be injected to the body cells through prescribed medicines.

Prognosis

As a person gets older, the insulin resistance increases and the pancreas is unable to match the requirement of the cells. So, in order to maintain the blood glucose level, they require more than one medicine. The prognosis in people with type 2 diabetes varies depending on how well an individual modifies the risk of complications. Heart attack, stroke and kidney disease can result in premature death. Disability due to blindness, amputation, heart disease, stroke and nerve damage may occur.