What is Non-Insulin Dependent Diabetes?

Diabetes mellitus (“sugar diabetes”) is a long-term consequence of low production of the hormone insulin than the required amount for which it becomes excessively difficult for the body to maintain its glucose levels in the blood. Non-insulin dependent Diabetes is the technical name of Type 2 diabetes which usually has no real symptoms, but in the long term it can lead to excessive thirst, frequent trips to the toilet to pass urine and weight loss. It can only be controlled with proper diet and medicines.

Glucose and insulin
Glucose is a simple form of sugar that enters the blood from the intestines, where it is absorbed from food and sugary drink as a natural part of digestion. It is also produced by the liver, which acts as a store of energy. The glucose in the blood is equally distributed in the body through the hormone insulin secreted by the pancreas, which transforms the glucose into energy, and if the glucose falls short than the required amount, it results in Diabetes.

Type 1 and type 2 diabetes
There are two main types of diabetes – type 1 and type 2. Type 1 diabetes is known as insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM), because insulin is needed to treat it while Type 2 diabetes is known as non-insulin dependent diabetes which is also otherwise known as late-onset diabetes as insulin treatment is not always needed. Type 1 can develop at any stage and on the other hand Type 2 attacks only at a later stage.

The cause
Non- insulin dependent diabetes or Type 2 diabetes develops when the body becomes resistant to insulin i.e. when the body does not respond properly to the actions of insulin which is the very reason the body is unable to converse glucose into energy Even the pancreas finds it difficult to produce enough insulin due to which the tissues become more resistant to insulin. As a consequence, blood glucose levels tend to rise which takes years to reach to a stage that causes symptoms.

Who is at risk of type 2 diabetes?
Generally the Type 2 diabetes develops in men or women over 40 years of age and the average age for developing the disease is 52 and it attacks the person who is overweight or obese and physically not active. Even people suffering from high blood pressure are very likely to be affected by the disease.

Symptoms
Generally speaking, it has no real symptoms but vaguely we can chop out a few symptoms like frequent urination, excessive thirst, loss of weight, increased appetite, sickness, blurred vision and to an extent it affects the potency level.

Diagnosis
It can only be diagnosed after tracing out certain symptoms and after going for a blood test to measure the level of glucose in the blood. Before the blood sample is taken for the test, patient is asked to fast for 8 hours. Type 2 diabetes can only be checked by lifestyle changes.

Diet
The patient should follow a balanced diet along with food low in saturated fat, high in fibre, vegetables and fruit. Carbohydrates should be spread throughout the day to prevent high blood sugar levels after a meal.

Exercise
The diabetes patient should follow a regular fitness regime which may help the body in using the insulin more efficiently.